Deep Brain Stimulation 帕金森氏症治療

Deep Brain Stimulation 帕金森氏症治療

"November 13, 2010 was my one-year anniversary. I had bi-lateral DBS at Stanford University Medical Center on this date in 2009. With the stimulator turnd OFF, the Parkinson's symptoms return with a vengence. Watch how a few milliamps of current can change a person's life."

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure involving the implantation of a medical device called a brain pacemaker, which sends electrical impulses, through implanted electrodes, to specific parts of the brain (brain nucleus) for the treatment of movement and affective disorders. DBS in select brain regions has provided therapeutic benefits for otherwise-treatment-resistant movement and affective disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). Despite the long history of DBS, its underlying principles and mechanisms are still not clear. DBS directly changes brain activity in a controlled manner, its effects are reversible (unlike those of lesioning techniques), and it is one of only a few neurosurgical methods that allow blinded studies. (Source: Wikipedia)

腦深層刺激手術(Deep brain stimulation,縮寫為DBS),也譯為深部腦刺激術、腦部深層電刺激,是一種腦外科手術。它將導線植入腦部的特定位置,利用腦部節律器(Brain pacemaker)發出的電刺激,來調節腦部不正常的活動訊息,控制運動症狀,達成治療目的。目前用來治療帕金森氏症,亦有部分治療重性抑鬱障礙。

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