Thyroidectomy 甲狀腺切除手術

甲狀腺切除手術 Thyroidectomy & Its Risks / Complications

Video describes how a total thyroid removal is performed along with possible complications. Specifically discussed are recurrent laryngeal nerve damage causing permanent hoarseness as well as parathyroid gland damage leading to calcium regulation problems in the body.

A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as:
Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option.

Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter). Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goiter is causing hyperthyroidism.

Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. If you have problems with anti-thyroid drugs and don't want radioactive iodine therapy, thyroidectomy may be an option.


Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications.

Potential complications include:

Airway obstruction caused by bleeding
Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage
Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood

Source: Mayo Clinic

甲狀腺切除手術 - Thyroidectomy McGraw Hill Education

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